Businesses can show appreciation — and gain tax breaks — with holiday gifts and parties

holiday tax break

With Thanksgiving just around the corner, the holiday season will soon be here. Your business may want to show its gratitude to employees and customers by giving them gifts or hosting holiday parties. Especially, after a year of forgoing them due to the pandemic. It’s a good time to brush up on the tax rules associated with these expenses. Are they tax deductible by your business and is the value taxable to the recipients? Is there such a thing as “holiday tax breaks?”

The tax value of gifts to customers

If you give gifts to customers and clients, they’re deductible up to $25 per recipient per year. For purposes of the $25 limit, you don’t need to include “incidental” costs that don’t substantially add to the gift’s value. These costs include engraving, gift wrapping, packaging and shipping. Also excluded from the $25 limit is branded marketing items provided they’re widely distributed and cost less than $4. These include gifts imprinted with your company’s name and logo.

The $25 limit is for gifts to individuals. There’s no set limit on gifts to a company as long as the costs are “reasonable.” A good example is a gift basket for all team members of a customer to share.

Tax benefits for gifts to employees

In general, anything of value transferred to an employee is included in his or her taxable income (and, therefore, subject to income and payroll taxes) and deductible by your business. But there’s an exception for noncash gifts that constitute a “de minimis” fringe benefit.

These are items that are small in value and given infrequently that are administratively impracticable to account for. Common examples include holiday turkeys, hams, gift baskets, occasional sports or theater tickets (but not season tickets), and other low-cost merchandise.

De minimis fringe benefits aren’t included in an employee’s taxable income. Yet, they are still deductible by your business. Unlike gifts to customers, there’s no specific dollar threshold for de minimis gifts. However, many businesses use an informal cutoff of $75.

Cash gifts — and cash equivalents, such as gift cards — are included in an employee’s income and subject to payroll tax withholding regardless of how small and infrequent.

Tax breaks for hosting a holiday party

In general, holiday parties are fully deductible (and excludible from recipients’ income). And for calendar years 2021 and 2022, a COVID-19 relief law provides a temporary 100% deduction for expenses of food or beverages “provided by” a restaurant to your workplace. Previously, these expenses were only 50% deductible. Entertainment expenses are still not deductible.

The use of the words “provided by” a restaurant clarifies that the tax break for 2021 and 2022 isn’t limited to meals eaten on a restaurant’s premises. Takeout and delivery meals from a restaurant are also generally 100% deductible. So you can treat your on-premises staff to some holiday meals this year and get a full deduction.

Contact our RRBB accountants and advisors if you have questions about the tax implications of giving holiday gifts or throwing a holiday party.

© 2021


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